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Beyond the Glass Ceiling: The Effects of Adverse Affirmative Action - the Case of Iranian Women -Atsuko Tanaka

Date & Time:
April 6, 2016 | 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Atsuko Tanaka


This paper studies the effects of a policy implementation in Iran in 2010 that limited the maximum amount of female labor employment. Using large-scale administrative data, we estimate the effects of this employment quota on labor market outcomes, education and other lifetime decisions, such as marriage and fertility for each gender. To isolate the causal effects of this policy, we use the differences in differences method by exploiting the fact that the employment quota was imposed only in the public sector. After controlling for the time trend, we find that this employment quota, which significantly worsened the female labor market conditions, immediately reduced women’s education by 0.14 - 0.35 years, and increased fertility rates by 0.2 - 0.5%. The decrease in years of education continued and the average education years dropped by 1.13-1.16 years in 2012. Our main finding highlights the importance of labor market opportunities for women as determinant of their education attainment.

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