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Can Gender Quotas Empower Women? Evidence from Local Elections in Spain - Pamela Campa

Date & Time:
March 13, 2015 | 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Pamela Campa

Abstract:  We estimate the effect of legislated candidate gender quotas on the election of female politicians, on voters' behavior, and on local public finance decisions. We use evidence from Spain, where gender quotas were introduced in 2007 in municipalities with more than 5,000 inhabitants, and in 2011 in municipalities with more than 3,000 inhabitants. Using a Regression Discontinuity Design, we find that gender quotas raise the share of female candidates and, to a lower extent, that of female councillors. However, within two rounds of elections, women fail to reach powerful positions such as party leader or mayor. Furthermore, we do not find evidence of an impact of gender quotas on voters’ behavior and local policy making. 

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